Rats are small, warm-blooded rodents. They can be found almost everywhere in the world; however, the two most commonly found in Georgia are roof rats and Norway rats. They have large front teeth that allow them to chew through almost anything. Because of this, they can easily chew their way into your home and take up residence. Once inside, they can chew on the electrical wiring in your home, exposing raw wire and creating a fire hazard. They are also extremely dangerous because they carry diseases and parasites. Rats like to get in attics, basements, porches, under concrete and behind walls. Once there, they reproduce quickly. The process to get rid of rats is called animal proofing.
Because they can fit into a hole the size of a quarter, it is not very easy for people without experience to get rid of rats. It takes a lot of experience and diligent work. Rats are creatures of habit; getting to know their tendencies matters a lot in how you get rid of rats effectively and permanently. There are also other factors such as building architecture, rat behavior, locations of rat runways in attics, etc. that have to be taken into account as well.
At Georgia P.A.W.S, we follow these steps to get rid of rats:
Step 1 – Thoroughly inspect the entire house or building to find any and all entry holes. And I mean holes as small as ½ in diameter! We then put together a quote that outlines all areas that need to be animal proofed.
Step 2 –Once a plan to get rid of rats is agreed upon with the homeowner, we immediately set traps for control (traps are checked daily to every other day). We schedule a day (usually within days) to come back out and do the full exclusion (the process of animal proofing or in this case, rat proofing, a house). Depending on the size of the house, this process will take anywhere from half a day to a full day. Our technicians install galvanized drip edge along the entire roof line of the house (where the construction gap is located). They screen roof vents and seal around plumbing and a/c penetrations.
Step 3 – After the animal proofing is complete, we continue to monitor and check the traps that were set for control. We remove any trapped rats and re-set traps. Typically it takes about a week to ensure that all are gone from the house.
Step 4 – Depending on how bad the rat infestation was, we may have quoted an attic restoration in our plan to get rid of rats. Rats can cause serious damage to insulation with their urine, feces, etc. Not only can this be dangerous to your health but it can also reduce the energy efficiency of your insulation. If this is decided on, we will remove all contaminated insulation, disinfect the attic, and reinstall fresh blown-in insulation. One big benefit to removing all the insulation is that it allows the electrical work to be examined and repair by an electrician if necessary. Because rats love to chew, they are notorious for chewing on electrical wiring once they have made their way into an attic. Did you know that a very large percentage of electrical fires were started by rodents?